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In Reception, computing is taught through the EYFS curriculum within the area of learning called Understanding the World. Through this, they explore technology around them, both at home and in school. They are also taught simple computer skills (e.g. logging on to a PC, typing their name).


In Year 1, the children are taught how a computer processes instructions and commands (computational thinking). They will programme a simple sequence of commands (algorithm) into a programmable robot or toy to send it on a route. They will learn about the purpose of a range of different technology and will begin to use some of these, including PCs, tablets and cameras. They will develop their typing speed and accuracy to enable independent access to a computer. They will learn how information comes from different sources e.g. books, web sites, TV etc and that ICT can give access quickly to a wide variety of resources. They will start to use the Internet and other methods to find information safely.

In Year 2, they will begin to create, edit and refine (debug) algorithms for a variety of programmable devices. They will continue to develop typing skills and should become increasingly independent using a range of technology, including cameras, tablets, microphones/recording devices and PCs. They will use web based resources to find answers to questions, understanding that the internet contains a large amount of information and that they should only select what is relevant. They will learn to use search engines to begin to find relevant data and begin to navigate within a website using hyperlinks and menu buttons to locate information. They will start to understand that messages can be sent electronically over distances via the internet and look at how this must be done safely and responsibly.


In Year 3, the children will design, write and debug programs that accomplish specific goals. They should become more confident in using a range of technologies and make choices about which form of technology is the best for the purpose. They will independently take photographs taking into account the audience and/or purpose for the image. They will continue to produce work using a computer, using more advanced features of programs and tools and work collaboratively together to create documents, including presentations. They will begin to understand computer networks and be able to identify the basic parts of the internet, including the web, browsers and search engines. They will confidently use technology safely and responsibly, and recognise acceptable/unacceptable behaviour. They will understand the dangers of sharing personal information online.

In Year 4, the children will create a simple animation using sequence, selection, and repetition, and work with variables and various forms of input and output (e.g. 2DIY). They will evaluate different search engines and explain their choices for using these for different purposes and begin to recognise that anyone can author on the Internet, and sometimes authors on the Internet can produce content which is offensive, rude and upsetting. They will learn to save and use pictures, text and sound and be able to import into a document for presentation. They will be able to select, use and combine different software (e.g. Word, Excel) to collect and present data. They will look at various types of communication via the internet and discuss the dangers of chat rooms/forums, including Facebook etc.

In Year 5, the children will use a range of assisted programing software (e.g Scratch and/or Kodu) to design write and debug basic software (for example a simple game), which interacts with external controllers (e.g. keyboard and/or mouse).  Using the software, control the movement and responses of different elements on screen. They will independently take photographs and record video taking into account the audience and/or purpose for the image/video and use image creation tools to create more complex images. They should continue to use technology, including spreadsheets (e.g. Excel) to create graphs, present data in different ways and analyse results. Children will discuss the issues of copyright and downloading material e.g. mp3s, images, videos etc.  They will learn to find images which are creative common licenced and understand the importance of stating their sources. They will also discuss the dangers of sharing personal images via the internet, as well as though mobile phones.

In Year 6, the children will use a range of visual programing software to plan and design more complex software (e.g. a multi-level game). They will also learn how to create websites based on topics, area of interest or events. They may also create a web based application for a smart phone or tablet with consideration for the audience. They will use a computer to add complex effects to photographs and to perform common photograph edits (e.g. red eye removal). They will continue to use technology safely, respectfully and responsibly and be able to identify a range of ways to report concerns about content and contact the relevant source. They will learn about the effects of social media, how it can be used effectively (e.g. to advertise, spread info) but how it can also allow personal content to be spread worldwide.

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